Indian Leadership Change May Lead To Strategic Partners Policy Delay

Indian Leadership Change May Lead To Strategic Partners Policy Delay
Indian Leadership Change May Lead To Strategic Partners Policy Delay

India's effort to boost the private sector defense industry by exclusively providing big-ticket orders on nomination basis through the enactment of the Strategic Partners policy faces delays.

Indian Leadership Change May Lead To Strategic Partners Policy Delay
Indian Leadership Change May Lead To Strategic Partners Policy Delay

India's effort to boost the private sector defense industry by exclusively providing big-ticket orders on nomination basis through the enactment of the Strategic Partners policy faces delays.

The current finance minister, Arun Jaitley, who on March 13 also became the country's defense minister, wants to make sweeping changes in this space.

Defense projects worth more than $35 billion hinge on the Strategic Partners policy, which has been awaiting adoption for a year, a senior Ministry of Defense official noted.

Jaitley's modified Strategic Partners policy could include the selection of at least three or four private sector companies from the nominated production agencies, as opposed to the earlier proposal of selecting one or two.

An additional change could include "not giving big-ticket defense contracts exclusively on nomination basis, as is presently being given to the state-owned defense companies but through competition," the MoD official said.

In the absence of a (Strategic Partners) policy, all orders for major platforms will continue to go to the public sector," according to Vivek Rae, a former MoD director general for defense procurement. Policy regarding strategic partnerships with defense industry, including private sector, is very important for development of the defense industrial base in the country.

When implemented, shortlisted strategic partners will partner with foreign original equipment manufacturers and then compete through commercial bids to secure final orders — as against the earlier proposal of giving orders on a nomination basis, the MoD official explained.

The Strategic Partners policy was drafted by the outgoing defense minister, Manohar Parrikar, with the aim of creating capacity in the private sector that exceeds that of state-owned defense companies.

Indian private companies have shown interest in building aircraft, helicopters, aero engines, submarines, warships, guns (including artillery guns) and armored vehicles (including tanks) under the policy.

The policy's implementation had run into bureaucratic wrangling within the MoD. While the Department of Defense Production within the MoD is in favor of selecting only one private company to be designated as the nominated production agency for each big-ticket program, the Defense Procurement Board, also under the MoD, wants more than one production agency to be selected.

The policy is delayed due to conflicting views within industry as well as government of India," said Rae, adding that there are concerns that sole-source procurement from a few companies will result in charges of favoritism and a lack of transparency.

Apart from divisions within the MoD, there have been differences within the private sector itself.

The strategic partnership model was recommended by MoD's sponsored Aatre Committee in April last, but it left a large number of loose ends to be tied up by the government before it could be operationalized. The devil is always in the detail. There are too many questions concerning [the ability to implement] the scheme, to which there are no easy answers, the criteria for selection of the partners being just one such issue," said Amit Cowshish, a former additional financial adviser for the MoD.

The SP policy is part of the ruling National Democratic Alliance's Make in India efforts, under which most of the weapons would be locally made in tie-ups with overseas companies. Currently, India imports about 65 percent of its weapon and equipment needs.

Private sector majors have been looking forward to the implementation of the strategic partners model," said Jayant Damodar Patil, the senior vice president for defense and aerospace at private engineering giant Larsen & Tourbo.

Without such a model, private sector would continue to remain fringe players in the sector, as is evident from the meager volume of contracts being placed on them thus far by the MoD.

Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355816-indian-leadership-change-may-lead-to-strategic-partners-policy-delay

Suicide Attack Near Dhaka Airport Ahead of Bangladesh PM's India Visit

Suicide Attack Near Dhaka Airport Ahead of Bangladesh PM's India Visit
Suicide Attack Near Dhaka Airport Ahead of Bangladesh PM's India Visit

Suicide bomber on Friday night struck near the Dhaka airport triggering red alert fortnight ahead of PM Sheikh Hasina's April 7-10 India visit in what can be described as sending a signal to several counter-terror operations launched by the local government over last few weeks.

Suicide Attack Near Dhaka Airport Ahead of Bangladesh PM's India Visit
Suicide Attack Near Dhaka Airport Ahead of Bangladesh PM's India Visit

Suicide bomber on Friday night struck near the Dhaka airport triggering red alert fortnight ahead of PM Sheikh Hasina's April 7-10 India visit in what can be described as sending a signal to several counter-terror operations launched by the local government over last few weeks.

Senior Bangladeshi officials told ET from Dhaka that a 'suicide attacker' exploded a bomb apparently in an attempted offensive on a police box at the entrance to Dhaka’s international airport, killing only himself.

The attacker, described as a young man by an airport police officer, could not be identified immediately. However, the incident triggered prompt action by the Bangladeshi authorities who announced a red alert in the area.

The terror attack comes close on the heels of several counter-terror operations against JMB and HuJI terror operatives launched by the Hasina government across Bangladesh in last few weeks ahead of her India trip. Security cooperation including new mechanisms will be put in place when Hasina meets PM Narendra Modi on April 8 here. Bangladesh has been a steadfast partner for India in counter-terror actions since 2009.

A counter-terror operation is currently ongoing in the Shylet region of Bangladesh against den of terrorists, officials said, adding the local forces have launched several counter-terror actions across the nation in last few weeks. HuJI commander Mufti Hannan is slated to be hanged by the Hasina government reflecting the PM's resolve on zero tolerance against terror, her aides claimed.

Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355815-suicide-attack-near-dhaka-airport-ahead-of-bangladesh-pm-s-india-visit

Russia To Float Out First Upgraded Ballistic Missile Sub in 2017

Russia To Float Out First Upgraded Ballistic Missile Sub in 2017
Russia To Float Out First Upgraded Ballistic Missile Sub in 2017

Russia To Float Out First Upgraded Ballistic Missile Sub in 2017
Russia To Float Out First Upgraded Ballistic Missile Sub in 2017

Russia is expecting to float out the first advanced variant of the nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine Project 955A Borei II-class (“North Wind”) aka Dolgorukiy-class in June of this year, Vice Admiral Viktor Bursuk, the deputy commander of the Russian Navy, said in a March 21 statement. e Russian Navy’s newest boomer is expected to be delivered to the service in 2018.

I believe that no later than June. The delivery, as we spoke with you, will take place in 2018,” Bursuk told TASS news agency. Bursuk’s statement was corroborated by the head of Russia’s state-owned United Ship-Building Corporation, Alexei Rakhmanov. he first modernized Borei-class lead sub will be delivered to the Navy in 2018. A relevant decision has been made on this score,” he said.
The Borei-class is the new sea leg of Russia’s nuclear triad and is slowly replacing obsolete Soviet-era Project 941 Typhoon-class and Project 667 BDRM Delta IV-class submarines. The Russian Navy intends to operate a total of eight Borei-class boats–three Borei-class and five advanced Borei II-class subs–by the middle of the 2020s. total of three Borei-class subs have been commissioned to date with one boat, the Yuri Dolgoruky, serving with the Northern Fleet and the remaining two (Alexander Nevsky and Vladimir Monomakh) with Russia’s increasingly more active Pacific Fleet. njoying this article? Click here to subscribe for full access. Just $5 a month.

The first improved Borei II-class SSBN, christened Knyaz Vladimir, was laid down in July 2012 at the Sevmash shipyards in Severodvinsk, a port city on Russia’s White Sea following a two year delay due to contract disputes, which also pushed back the commissioning date of the ship from 2017 to 2018.

In comparison to the Borei-class, Borei II-class submarines are fitted with four additional missile tubes, boast smaller hulls and cons, and feature improved acoustics and lower sound levels, next to a number of other technical improvements.

Both variants of Borei-class subs will be armed with Bulava (RSM-56) intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs). The Borei-class will be capable of carrying up to 16 Bulava ICBMs, whereas the improved Borei II-class can carry up to 20 ballistic missiles.

The improved variant of the Borei-class will be capable of launching 96-200 hypersonic, independently maneuverable warheads, yielding 100-150 kilotons apiece.

Armed with the maximum number of Bulava ICBMs, the advanced Borei II-class can reportedly carry the same number of warheads than the entire nuclear arsenal of the United Kingdom. However, the Bulava ICBM has suffered a number of test failures since its official induction. For example, during the last test firing of the missile in September 2016, one Bulava self-destructed in flight.

Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355814-russia-to-float-out-first-upgraded-ballistic-missile-sub-in-2017

PLA's Participation In Pak Parade Shows All-Weather Ties: China

PLA's Participation In Pak Parade Shows All-Weather Ties: China
PLA's Participation In Pak Parade Shows All-Weather Ties: China

China today said participation of its troops in Pakistan Day parade in Islamabad is a strong testimony to showcase the "all-weather" strategic mutual trust and friendship between two countries and their militaries.

China and Pakistan are all-weather strategic and cooperative partners.

PLA's Participation In Pak Parade Shows All-Weather Ties: China
PLA's Participation In Pak Parade Shows All-Weather Ties: China

China today said participation of its troops in Pakistan Day parade in Islamabad is a strong testimony to showcase the "all-weather" strategic mutual trust and friendship between two countries and their militaries.

China and Pakistan are all-weather strategic and cooperative partners. The two militaries maintain long-time friendship," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying told a media briefing.

The Pakistan Day parade was for the first time attended by Chinese and Saudi troops, apart from military band 'Meher' from Turkey.

Again it is a strong testimony of the high level strategic mutual trust and the friendship between the two countries and the two militaries. It is another mirror of such good relations between the two countries and the militaries," she said.

Hua said the People's Liberation Army (PLA) sent 90- member Chinese delegation to participate in the parade at the invitation of Pakistan.

Pakistan's Republic Day marks the adoption of the historic Lahore Resolution in 1940 that spurred efforts to create a separate homeland for Muslims of South Asia.

Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355813-pla-s-participation-in-pak-parade-shows-all-weather-ties-china

Indian Army Joins Pakistan Army In Its Resolution Day Celebrations

Indian Army Joins Pakistan Army In Its Resolution Day Celebrations
Indian Army Joins Pakistan Army In Its Resolution Day Celebrations

Life at the Line of Control (LoC) between arch-rivals India and Pakistan is intricate and difficult as well, especially in the twin border districts of Rajouri and Poonch that is south of the Pir Panjal range in Jammu region.

Indian Army Joins Pakistan Army In Its Resolution Day Celebrations
Indian Army Joins Pakistan Army In Its Resolution Day Celebrations

Life at the Line of Control (LoC) between arch-rivals India and Pakistan is intricate and difficult as well, especially in the twin border districts of Rajouri and Poonch that is south of the Pir Panjal range in Jammu region.

Reports of exchange of firing between the armed forces of the two countries are routine along the de-facto border.

The tension between India and Pakistan escalated after last year’s September cross-border raid on an army base killed 19 Indian soldiers and, in reply, the Indian Army carried out surgical strikes against militants in Pakistan.

Both the countries accuse each other of repeatedly violating a 2003 ceasefire. There had been several instances of cross-border firings and terrorist infiltrations within the country from Pakistan.

On March 9, Pakistan army opened fire and killed an Indian soldier Deepak Jagannath Ghadge, 27, of Satara in Maharashtra—in Poonch sector.

On March 12 and 13, Indian and Pakistani armies traded heavy fire including 82 mm mortars—again in Poonch sector. This time around Pakistan targeted Chakan-da-Bagh LoC Trade Facilitation Centre with mortars damaging its administrative block extensively. Consequently, the border trade and travel came to a grinding halt.

After all the firing at the “live” border, Indian Army personnel on Thursday took some time off their “routine” regimen to greet their counterparts on the occasion of Pakistan Resolution Day.

The Indian and Pakistan army troops exchanged greetings and sweets on the occasion of Pakistan Resolution Day at Poonch-Rawalakote Crossing Point and Mendhar Hot Spring Crossing Point today (Thursday),” said defense spokesperson Lt Col Manish Mehta.

The day is celebrated across Pakistan to commemorate the Lahore Resolution passed on March 23, 1940, and adoption of its first constitution during the transition of the Dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on March 23, 1956, he added.

The sweets were exchanged as per established drills in a congenial environment. Greetings on the occasion of Pakistan Day were conveyed to the Pakistani people and army by the Indian delegation, he said.

These celebrations keep the bridge of communication open and at the same time de-escalate the situation on the borders,” a top defense source said about the celebrations of national festivals between the forces of the two countries on the border vis-à-vis the skirmishes that get really ugly at times.

Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355812-indian-army-joins-pakistan-army-in-its-resolution-day-celebrations

Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project Back On Negotiation Table

Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project Back On Negotiation Table
Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project Back On Negotiation Table

The Jaitapur nuclear power project is back on the negotiation table over a year after French utility EDF signed a preliminary agreement to build six reactors.

The renegotiation is because the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) and EDF are unable to reach a consensus on the project cost.

Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project Back On Negotiation Table
Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project Back On Negotiation Table

The Jaitapur nuclear power project is back on the negotiation table over a year after French utility EDF signed a preliminary agreement to build six reactors.

The renegotiation is because the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) and EDF are unable to reach a consensus on the project cost. Sources said the EDF has proposed a cost of ₹30 crore per MW for the 9,900 MW capacity.

The EDF proposal is higher by ₹10 crore per MW than the average cost of developing the Evolutionary Power Reactor (EPR) technology, sources in the know said, adding that at the EDF-proposed cost, the Jaitapur nuclear power plant will require an investment of ₹ 2. lakh crore.

NPCIL is contesting this cost and officials privy to negotiations with EDF told BusinessLine, “There are contentions regarding the tropicalisation of the power plant. The design of the plant will have to be modified once they are settled.

The project has to undergo modifications to suit the climatic conditions in Maharashtra. These variations have escalated the cost of the project with an operational life of 60 years. While the two agencies are trying to work out the costs, what worries EDF is the regulatory regime in India that will have to approve the higher tariffs resulting from cost escalation. Besides, there will be demands for having a local EPC contractor to fast-track the implementation of project.

The Jaitapur nuclear power project has been in the works since 2009. After delays due to multiple protests, the project was resuscitated in January 2016 during French President Francois Hollande’s visit to India. In a joint statement on the visit, the two sides agreed on a roadmap of cooperation to speed up discussions on the project.

The statement said, “Their shared aim is to start the implementation of the project in early 2017.

Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355811-jaitapur-nuclear-power-project-back-on-negotiation-table

INS Vikramaditya Successfully Test Fires BARAK Missile

INS Vikramaditya Successfully Test Fires BARAK Missile
INS Vikramaditya Successfully Test Fires BARAK Missile

In a boost to India's maritime prowess, the Navy has successfully conducted the maiden trial firing of newly installed surface-to-air Barak missile system from its aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya.

INS Vikramaditya Successfully Test Fires BARAK Missile
INS Vikramaditya Successfully Test Fires BARAK Missile

In a boost to India's maritime prowess, the Navy has successfully conducted the maiden trial firing of newly installed surface-to-air Barak missile system from its aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya.

During the firing carried out in the Arabian Sea, the missile was fired against a live low flying high speed target. The target was successfully engaged and destroyed, a Navy official said.

The firing was conducted as part of the 'Operational Readiness Inspection' of the Western Fleet by Vice Admiral Girish Luthra, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Western Naval Command, from 21 to 23 March.

The missile marks a significant milestone in providing air interception and defense capabilities and enhanced operational capabilities of the Navy's aircraft carrier and the flee, said the official.

Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355807-ins-vikramaditya-successfully-test-fires-barak-missile

Could 'America First' Policy Upend Lockheed’s F-16 Plans In India?

Could 'America First' Policy Upend Lockheed’s F-16 Plans In India?
Could 'America First' Policy Upend Lockheed’s F-16 Plans In India?

As the Trump administration focuses on a pro-American industrial policy, Lockheed Martin is keeping a close eye on what that might mean for plans to build F-16 fighters in India.

Could 'America First' Policy Upend Lockheed’s F-16 Plans In India?
Could 'America First' Policy Upend Lockheed’s F-16 Plans In India?

As the Trump administration focuses on a pro-American industrial policy, Lockheed Martin is keeping a close eye on what that might mean for plans to build F-16 fighters in India.

For now, company officials are staying positive about the chances that they will be allowed to go through with a plan to open a production line for the F-16 in India. But they acknowledge that the change in administration may require a shift in plans.

We’re working closely with the administration to understand what is [their] policy towards a program like the Indian fighter recapitalization program,” Orlando Carvalho, executive vice president of the company's aeronautics division, said in an interview Tuesday.

The indications we have heard have been positive. From the Defense Department, from the State Department, the indications are that they are supportive of what the Indian government wants to do. But we’re working with the administration to understand that,” Carvalho added.

John Rood, Lockheed’s international senior vice president, added that the company has briefed the new administration on the potential F-16 plan, but noted that any timeline for a final decision rests with the Indian government more than the U. administration.

And if history is any guide, India’s decision won’t come soon. w Delhi’s hunt for a new fighter aircraft has been legendarily delayed, going back to 2007 when the government kicked off what was known as the Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) program. The MMRCA called for a roughly $12 billion spend for 126 new high-end fighters.

The F-16 was one of the airplanes considered and then discarded by the government, which in 2011 selected the Dassault Rafale. However, a deal was never consummated, and in July of 2016 the Indian government cancelled the MMRCA program outright and began a series of a government-to-government discussions. That gave new life to the American competitors, at a time when the Obama administration was prioritizing strengthened ties to India.

In October, India officially re-launched the campaign, with consensus that the two leading candidates are the F-16 and the Saab Gripen. This time around, Lockheed believes it has a strong hand not play, in part because India has purchased Lockheed’s C-130J and in part because the company has ties with the Tata Group, India’s manufacturing giant.

But Lockheed also looked to up its chances by pledging to open a production line in India for the F-16s. It’s a step up from the usual tech-transfer offer from companies, but it also means creating jobs abroad rather than home – at a time when the rhetoric from the Trump administration is very focused on domestic growth.

Carvalho acknowledged that with the Trump administration still sorting itself out, there are questions about industrial policy that need to be clarified. But he said he was not concerned about getting guidance today from holdover Obama-era officials that could be overturned in the near future as political appointees arrive at DoD and State.

In discussions that we’re having, there is no lack of confidence in the information and in the exchanges that we’re having with the administration,” Carvalho said. being a new administration that is looking across all these things and trying to arrive at what their positions are, there is an evolution here.

Rood added that the company has to let the administration “mature” a bit before getting a final answer, but also expressed confidence that the Trump team would continue the Obama-era ties to India.

We’re very pleased that the Trump administration, in their initial dealings with India, have talked about continuing to build a strategic partnership between the U. and India,” Rood said, citing calls between Trump, Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis and their Indian counterparts. They’ve reaffirmed that the F-16, or something like that, being part of the Indian defense force would be a major step in the direction of a strategic relationship. So we’re really encouraged that they continue to talk about that.

Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355810-could-america-first-policy-upend-lockheed-s-f-16-plans-in-india

Indian Air Force To Acquire At Least 60 Airbus C-295 Transport Aircraft

Indian Air Force To Acquire At Least 60 Airbus C-295 Transport Aircraft
Indian Air Force To Acquire At Least 60 Airbus C-295 Transport Aircraft

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is set to begin contract negotiations for acquiring 56 Airbus C-295 transport aircraft as replacements for its ageing Avro HS-748 aircraft.

According to the Chief of Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal B. S.

Indian Air Force To Acquire At Least 60 Airbus C-295 Transport Aircraft
Indian Air Force To Acquire At Least 60 Airbus C-295 Transport Aircraft

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is set to begin contract negotiations for acquiring 56 Airbus C-295 transport aircraft as replacements for its ageing Avro HS-748 aircraft.

According to the Chief of Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal B. S. Dhanoa, due attention is being paid to all assets of IAF, fighters and transporters included, and that “contract negotiations for 56 C-295 aircraft to replace the ageing Avro fleet are likely to commence shortly”.

Separately, official sources indicated that the Border Security Force (BSF) is also looking at four C-295s for movement of its troopers within the country. That takes the projected number to 60, but as the aircraft will be made in India by the TATA Group, their number should go up eventually, keeping in mind the regional connectivity plans of the Civil Aviation Ministry, particularly in India’s northern Himalayan cities.

Airbus officials have also said they are looking at a sizable share of the Indian civil aviation market, pointing out that the C-295 is already operational in 19 countries.

The air chief’s statement is significant as it clearly indicates that the process of acquiring the C-295s is now on a firm track.

The aircraft is to be made in India by the TATA Advanced Systems Ltd. TASL) in partnership with Airbus, and as per their announcement in 2014, once a contract is awarded, Airbus Defense and Space will supply the first 16 aircraft in “fly-away” condition from its own final assembly line in Spain and the subsequent 40 aircraft will be manufactured and assembled by TASL. e arrangement will include undertaking structural assembly, final aircraft assembly, systems integration and testing, and management of the indigenous supply chain.

Asked how the IAF was overcoming many challenges in the transport domain, Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa said that IAF will also induct another six Lockheed Martin C-130J Special Operations aircraft within the first half of 2017 while one more Boeing C-17 Globemaster III strategic lift aircraft is being acquired to take their number to 11. Ten C-17s are already operational with the IAF.

It may be recalled that IAF has already inducted the first lot of six C-130Js. One of them, however, had crashed and a case has now been made for its replacement.

About the AN-32 aircraft, which is the workhorse of the IAF and has been under upgrades, he said that their first lot is due for “phase out in 2023-24 and a suitable replacement will be considered at an appropriate time”.

The IAF had acquired more than 100 AN 32s beginning mid-1980s from the Soviet Union, and these are being upgraded by Ukraine, which is now an independent state after the breakup of the Soviet Union.

About the Medium Transport Aircraft (MTA) that was proposed (in 2007) to be designed and built in collaboration with Russia, Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa said that “the agreement with Russia for MTA could not mature as their proposal did not meet some of the Air Staff Qualitative requirements (ASRs)”.


Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355808-indian-air-force-to-acquire-at-least-60-airbus-c-295-transport-aircraft

No Chinese Incursions, But Transgressions Do Occur: Government In Lok Sabha

No Chinese Incursions, But Transgressions Do Occur: Government In Lok Sabha
No Chinese Incursions, But Transgressions Do Occur: Government In Lok Sabha

There has been no instance of incursion by Chinese troops in Arunachal Pradesh and other border areas, but transgressions do occur, the government told the Lok Sabha today.

No Chinese Incursions, But Transgressions Do Occur: Government In Lok Sabha
No Chinese Incursions, But Transgressions Do Occur: Government In Lok Sabha

There has been no instance of incursion by Chinese troops in Arunachal Pradesh and other border areas, but transgressions do occur, the government told the Lok Sabha today.

Subhash Bhamre, Minister of State for Defence, in a written reply said, the government takes up any transgression along the LAC (Line of Actual Control) with China through established mechanisms-- such as border personnel meetings, flag meetings.

The matter is also raised through Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India-China Border Affairs and diplomatic channels.

There have been no instances of incursions of Chinese troops in Arunachal Pradesh and other border areas. Since there is no commonly delineated Line of Actual Control in the border areas between India and China, there are other areas along the LAC where both sides have differing perception of LAC.

As both sides undertake patrolling upto their respective perception of the LAC, transgression do occur," Bhamre said.

Responding to another question, he said, there has been no report of killing of any Indian fishermen by Sri Lankan Navy during the last three years.

The Minister said, there are reports of killing of a fisherman in the Palk Strait after being fired upon allegedly by the Sri Lankan Navy personnel, but the island nation's government has denied any such involvement.

Replying to another question, Bhamre said, as on February 2017, the government has disbursed Rs 6,375 crore in two installments on account of implementation of One-Rank-One Pension (OROP).

Read more http://theindiansubcontinent.com/defense/item/355809-no-chinese-incursions-but-transgressions-do-occur-government-in-lok-sabha

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